Iraq Security and Humanitarian Aid Observatory: April 7-14, 2022 – Iraq

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  • Conflict emerges over KRI election law; No sign of breakthrough in KRG-Baghdad oil talks; Marginal religious movement faces repression – On April 11, the opposition New Generation party called on the international community to ensure that the Kurdistan region holds free and fair elections. The call comes amid signs of a stalemate between the ruling KDP and PUK parties over the electoral law, as the PDK insists on holding elections in October, while the PUK wants to change the law first and update the register of electors. On April 13, after meetings between the KRG and federal oil officials, the KRG released a statement affirming “its legal obligations” to oil companies operating in the Kurdistan region until there is an agreement. final with the federal government. The statement pointed out that the solution lies in “the approval of a federal oil and gas law in accordance with the constitution”. On April 13, the Iraqi Interior Ministry said its forces had closed offices and mosques belonging to a “heretical movement” and arrested dozens of its members in several provinces for “offending the feelings and beliefs” of the General public. The actions targeted supporters of Mahmoud al-Sarkhi, a fringe Shiite cleric, after his supporters criticized the practice of building and worshiping shrines. Iraqi courts have issued an arrest warrant for Sarkhi, while mosques affiliated with his movement have come under attack. Moreover, on April 11, Iran appointed a new ambassador to Baghdad. On April 14, the Emtidad party announced it would seek to form a coalition of independent lawmakers “and free representatives from other blocs” to form the largest bloc in parliament, saying the other alternative was to dissolve the legislature. . After…

  • The drones target a major air base; Explosion reported near key oil pipeline; ISF arrest individuals plotting rocket attack in Baghdad – On April 8, an explosive drone attempted to strike Iraq’s Ain al-Asad airbase in Anbar but was shot down by the base’s defense systems. On April 12, Iraqi oil report said that the main oil export pipeline from the Kurdistan region to Turkey had been the target of an attack on the evening of April 10. The attack caused an explosion “near a key pumping station” serving the pipeline, which carries most of the region’s oil. oil exports, as well as approximately 100,000 bpd of federal government exports from the Kirkuk oilfields. On April 13, Baghdad Operations Command said its forces had discovered rockets and arrested three individuals who were about to use them to attack “vital installations”. In other developments, between April 8 and April 14, six attacks by Islamic State militants in Anbar, Kirkuk and Diyala killed at least four Iraqis and injured eight. The militants also reportedly abducted four other civilians during the attacks. Between April 8 and April 14, explosions of five IEDs and a remnant of war in Anbar, Salah ad-Din, Basra, Diwaniyah and Kirkuk killed at least one Iraqi and injured 13. more…

  • New study shows devastating impact of conflict and displacement on education system – On April 11, the Norwegian Refugee Council released a new study on issues affecting Iraq’s formal education system due to years of conflict and large-scale displacement. Among other findings, the study shows that most teachers in six war-affected provinces lacked training and that most school buildings did not meet basic safety and hygiene requirements. The report warns that a “generation of young people now face an increasingly uncertain future…particularly among the most vulnerable, including refugee children, displaced children and children with disabilities.” In other developments, on April 12, UNDP and the Iraqi Ministry of Labor signed a Memorandum of Understanding that covers multiple joint initiatives to support “innovative small businesses and start-ups needed to create jobs in Iraq today”. On April 14, the Iraqi Health Ministry said the number of confirmed COVID-19 cases had reached 2,322,734, an increase of just 1,365 cases from the 2,321,369 reported on April 7. Hospitalizations decreased from 9,271 to 6,467, and the daily average of new cases in the last 7-day period decreased to 195/day from 260/day in the 7-day period ending the 7 april. The number of people who received the COVID-19 vaccine reached 10,440,348, including 13,526 who received their shots on April 14. more…

  • Oil exports by truck to Jordan resume; Iraq relaxes import licensing requirements; Drought hits Garmyan District – On April 10, Jordanian transport officials said oil exports by truck from Iraq had resumed on Sunday after being suspended for two months due to unspecified “logistical problems”. On April 12, the Iraqi government decided to no longer require import licenses at entry points for foodstuffs, medicines and other consumer goods until June 8 in order to alleviate disruptions and supply chain shortages. On April 13, officials in Garmyan district in the Kurdistan region said 2022 would be “a drought year”, expecting water shortages to affect more than 35,000 acres of farmland. In other developments, on April 9, the Iraqi Ministry of Commerce announced that wheat marketing operations for the 2022 winter wheat harvest had begun, with farmers in Muthanna province being the first to deliver their cereals at the department’s silos. On April 12, Iranian customs officials said Iraq imported $8.9 billion worth of Iranian goods in Iran’s fiscal year ending March 20, 2022, making Iraq the top importer of goods. Iranians during this period. After…

  • For more information on most of the institutions, key players, political parties and places mentioned in our takeaways or in the stories that follow, see the ISHM Reference Guide.


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